Analysis and Probability Seminar- February 16, 2016

Tuesday, February 16, 2016 (3:00 p.m. in Yost 306)

Title: A simple proof of Størmer’s theorem

Speaker: Stanislaw Szarek (Kerr Professor of Mathematics, Case Western Reserve University)

Abstract: The structure of the set of positivity-preserving maps between matrix algebras is notoriously difficult to describe. The notable exceptions are the low dimensional cases settled by Størmer and Woronowicz, which assert that every such map is a sum of finite number of maps of the form  X -> AXA*  and  X -> A(X^T)A*, where ^T is the transpose and * is the Hermitian conjugate. However, even in these cases the previous arguments (known to the speaker) were based on long and seemingly ad hoc computations. We show a simple proof – based on Brouwer’s fixed point theorem – for the  2 x 2  case (Størmer’s theorem).

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